Zambia’s National Biodiversity Strategy Action Plan identified “inadequate biodiversity trend data” and “lack of capacity” as serious issues limiting the country’s ability to prioritize biodiversity investment and implement conservation strategies.
Bats account for an estimated 31 per cent of Zambian mammalian biodiversity and provide valuable ecosystem services, but their elusive behaviour and challenge of identifying cryptic species make them difficult to study. As a result, our understanding of bat distribution and ecology is poor compared to that for other taxa.
This project seeks to expand and improve data on Zambian Chiroptera in several areas. Morphological examination and molecular analysis will improve species identifications for about 500 specimens. The project team will collate and cross-reference more than 900 records from other museums and previous research against existing GBIF-mediated data and prepare occurrence records from around 1,000 pre-existing and verified bat acoustic calls.
Enhancing the baseline data for this important mammalian order will inform and improve the work of researchers and policy-makers responsible for research conservation strategies, priorities and management plans in Zambia.
An initial meeting was held with involved partners to kick-start the project by outlining future activities and detailed plans. To assist with the smooth running of the project, two research assistants were recruited.
In order to expand and improve Zambian bat data, several biodiversity training workshops have already taken place. A training workshop on Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Molecular methods was held in Porto, Portugal in December 2017 for the project team, with training being provided by Bats without Borders and the Research Centre in Biodiversity and Genetic Resources (CIBIO). A training workshop on Biodiversity Data Mobilisation was held in January 2018 at the Livingstone Museum for the project team, other staff and a member of staff from the Department of National Parks and Wildlife, to disseminate knowledge gained at the BID workshop in South Africa. Another workshop on bat identification and taxonomy was held in January 2018 at the Livingstone Museum for the project team and other staff members with training provided by the Harrison Institute and Bats without Borders. During the workshop the records for some of the specimens were taxonomically updated.
In addition, the project co-ordinator attended the BID organised workshop on Biodiversity Data Mobilisation held in Cape Town, South Africa in December 2017 which has helped in strengthening links to similar projects and contacts in the region.
Some early progress has been made in collating available literature relating to bats in Zambia. This will be used to extract occurrence data and find out where specimens might be held.